Bengali is a mother language of Bangladesh and only country who involved in a flood fight with east pakistan (Currently pakistan) also well spoken in the provinces of West Bengal,Tripura and southern Assam.
The history of its literature can be traced back to hundreds of years and is very rich and voluminous. Its literature includes works from two bengals-West Bengal and East Bengal(Bangladesh). Prior to independence it was very difficult to seperate the trends of literary works of two bengals. Post independence Bangladesh gave rise to its own set of literature.
Literary works of “the rich literature” includes the work of poets and writers like Rabindranath Tagore, Michael Madhusudan Dutt, Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay, Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay, Kazi Nazrul Islam. Their poems, shyama sangeet, sonnets, novels,short stories form a major part of this huge volume. Their poems and writings focussed on various branches of the literature starting from patriotic poems to hymmes of God and Godesses to romantic poems.
Some of their well known works are: “Geetanjali by Rabindranath Tagore”, “Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay’s Vande Mataram” which is a part of the famous novel “Anandamath”. Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay’s “Durgeshnondini” is yet another masterpiece.
Apart from poems and novels, songs also form an important part of this culture. “Bauls(traditional singers) also play an important role. There are 2000 Rabindrasangeets. The Shyama Sangeets written by Kazi Nazrul Islam are still sung.
The Bengali literature is still growing. The mid 80’s experienced a new genre of poetry called “New Poetry(Natun Kobita)”. The poets of this era use print and online media to express their views. Some of the poets associated with this era are “Barin Ghoshal”,”Soumitra Sengupta” and “Indranil Ghosh”.
Hence, this literature has come a long way finding many gems on its way. Yet it has a long way to go. So the journey continues and will continue for ages.